Sustainable/Green Tourism – An Overview


If you found this blog, odds are you already have a keen interest in eco-tourism and will have seen various terms such as “Green Travel”, “Sustainable Tourism”, “Responsible Tourism”.  People who care about saving endangered species will also care about the habitats they live in and by extension the entire planet.  Let’s have a look at some ways you can keep your travel as green as possible.


Google the term “Green Travel” and you will come up with a variety of definitions.  I like this one that I found on Responsible Travel Report.

Green travel is an overarching term used to describe responsible travel practices that focus on economic, socio-cultural, and environmental sustainability. Green travel is about making sure that travelers choose businesses, tour operators, and transportation methods that maintain and preserve the ecological integrity of the environment and contribute to local community development; meeting the needs of the present without compromising the needs of current or future generations.

Go Green Travel Green breaks it down even further.

  • Thinking about your impact on the environment (both the physical and social environment) when you travel

  • Doing your part to minimize your impact on the environment – so that tourism in your destination can be maintained in the long run

  • Understanding eco-friendly choices you can make

  • Making eco-friendly choices when they are options

  • Doing your research to be a responsible traveler

  • Saving money by making low-impact choices


There are several aspects of being green and traveling in a responsible manner.  Some we will have more control over than others.  People who are engaging in eco-tourism to help conserve endangered species will already be doing a lot of these.  People who are reading this blog as a supplement to the points hacking or luxury travel blogs and are new to eco-tourism may have to make more of an effort.

1.  USE ECO-FRIENDLY MODES OF TRANSPORTATION – Depending on where you live and where you are traveling to, you may not have a choice about flying.  But once you are on the ground, there are things you can do.  Use public transport or share rides rather than using private taxis.  Walk whenever it is possible and safe to do so.  Rent economical cars or hybrid cars.  Trains are more eco-friendly than planes if you need to travel within an area.  Most remote eco-lodges that use river boat transport will run them only once a day with all new arrivals on board.


2.  OFFSETTING GREENHOUSE GASES – A fellow travel blogger, Saverocity has an excellent post about this.  He recommends two organizations – Terrapass and Carbonfund.  From these two, I like the Carbonfund option of supporting reforestation and avoidance of deforestation because this also saves a lot of endangered birds and animals.  If your travel is to modern cities where you can’t support local communities near wildlife habitats directly, I think this is the best way to go.  The Purus Project is right in the middle of Amazon rainforest habitat and just north of Tambopata so I would highly recommend choosing this project to support.

Purus Project

3.  SUPPORT THE LOCAL ECONOMIES – This is one of the most important things you can do for both the environment and the wildlife.  Many people have earned a living from trapping wild animals and birds and selling them on the black market.  Eco-tourism offers these people an honest way to earn a living while preserving their native species.  So please use accommodations that employ locals, eat in local restaurants, buy lots of their handicrafts (they make great gifts and souvenirs), and employ them as guides.  Many of the birding guides I have used started out as bird trappers and are now highly respected guides used by independent travelers, birding groups and documentary film-makers.

IMG_1206 100_4813

4.  SUPPORT CONSERVATION PROJECTS – Many lodges support research and conservation projects which are trying to save endangered species.  Some of these projects welcome tourists to accompany them for an added fee.  One of the best ones is at Caiman Ecological Refuge in the southern Pantanal.  This is the home of several conservation projects including Projeto Arara Azul.  Basically, you spend the day with the crew as they inspect nests, make sure baby birds are being well-nourished, do census counts of birds and observe behaviour. Tambopata has the excellent Macaw Project to study the clay licks and Armonia supports the Blue-throated Macaw in Bolivia which you can see at El Beni.

Projeto Arara Azul volunteers with Tara after inspecting a Hyacinth Macaw chick

Projeto Arara Azul volunteers with Tara after inspecting a Hyacinth Macaw chick

You can also support conservation in some cities by visiting zoos and nature parks where your admission fees support projects.  I have already blogged about Sao Paulo Zoo, Museu Emilio Goeldi and Bali Bird Park.  Check the websites of any zoos or bird parks you may visit, they will usually have a page detailing their conservation projects.

5.  LOW IMPACT TRAVEL & RECYCLING – This doesn’t have to be only a travel strategy, you can do this at home too!  You should already be recycling paper and plastic goods, look for recycling bins when you are traveling too.  Avoid printing things out, use e-readers or pdfs on a small netbook or tablet.  Don’t keep buying plastic water bottles, refill yours with boiled water.  Minimize use of motorized transport, combine all your errands into one trip.  Keep use of electricity to a minimum, use fans rather than air-conditioners if it’s really hot.  Use local products rather than those that are trucked in.  Don’t use plastic shopping bags, buy some reusable bags, preferably from a local artisan!